Citizen Action Monitor

Trump’s heartless, “illegal” sanctions on Venezuela caused an estimated 40,000-plus deaths in 2017-2018

The sanctions have “disproportionately harmed the poorest and most vulnerable Venezuelans”

No 2465 Posted by fw, April 26, 2019

“Two American economists warn that U.S. sanctions targeting Venezuela ‘are a death sentence for tens of thousands of people’ and that the nation’s humanitarian crisis will worsen as long as the sanctions continue. Since August of 2017, President Donald Trump has imposed sanctions [on Venezuela] that ‘have inflicted, and increasingly inflict, very serious harm to human life and health, including an estimated more than 40,000 deaths from 2017–2018,’ write Mark Weisbrot and Jeffrey Sachs. The broad sanctions Trump imposed in 2017 fueled a sharp decline in oil production that impeded the Maduro government’s ability to ‘import medicine, food, medical equipment, spare parts and equipment needed for electricity generation, water systems, or transportation,’ and the U.S. president has ramped up economic pressure since offering his support to Guaidó earlier this year. … ‘These sanctions would fit the definition of collective punishment of the civilian population as described in both the Geneva and Hague international conventions, to which the U.S. is a signatory,’ the economists say. ‘They are also illegal under international law and treaties which the U.S. has signed, and would appear to violate U.S. law as well.’”Common Dreams

In my post of April 16, 2019, titled, With eyes wide shut, Canada’s Foreign Minister Freeland deceitfully declares new sanctions on Venezuela, I noted that Minister Freeland had the unmitigated gall to proclaim “Canada is committed to supporting the peaceful restoration of constitutional democracy in Venezuela.”

Continuing, I wrote – “Peaceful”? Does Freeland truly believe that Canada’s sanctions are not causing horrendous suffering to the poorest of the poor of Venezuela? Moreover, consider the hypocrisy and irony of her recent allegation of Russian “interference in Canada’s democratic processes” while she is busy meddling in the affairs of Venezuela.

But most detestable of all, in today’s repost, Canadians should be shocked and ashamed to discover that , by virtue of Ottawa’s support for the US-led coup, the Liberal government is implicitly associated with Washington’s use of draconian sanctions contributing to the deaths of tens of thousands of the “poorest and most vulnerable Venezuelans.”

Below is my repost of the Common Dreams article. To read it on the website, click on the following linked title.

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Economists Warn Trump’s Sanctions Targeting Venezuela ‘A Death Sentence for Tens of Thousands of People’ by Jessica Corbett, Common Dreams, April 25, 2019

“It’s a fruitless, heartless, illegal, and failed policy, causing grave harm to the Venezuelan people.”

Children of Barrio Unión Sector Las Casitas eat soup prepared and donated by Alto Restaurant in the house of a neighbor on April 12, 2019 in Caracas, Venezuela. (Photo: Eva Marie Uzcategui/Getty Images)

Two American economists warn that U.S. sanctions targeting Venezuela “are a death sentence for tens of thousands of people” and that the nation’s humanitarian crisis will worsen as long as the sanctions continue.

Since August of 2017, President Donald Trump has imposed sanctions [on Venezuela] that “have inflicted, and increasingly inflict, very serious harm to human life and health, including an estimated more than 40,000* deaths from 2017–2018,” write Mark Weisbrot and Jeffrey Sachs. [*This is based on a mortality rate of 5.609 per 1,000 people and a population of 30.491 million in 2017 and 29.187 million in 2018. World Bank (2016) and IMF (2019).]

Their [27-page] paper—entitled Economic Sanctions as Collective Punishment: The Case of Venezuela (pdf)—was published Thursday by the Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR), and comes as Trump continues to back opposition leader Juan Guaidó’s effort to oust Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro.

The broad sanctions Trump imposed in 2017 fueled a sharp decline in oil production that impeded the Maduro government’s ability to “import medicine, food, medical equipment, spare parts and equipment needed for electricity generation, water systems, or transportation,” and the U.S. president has ramped up economic pressure since offering his support to Guaidó earlier this year.

In late January, as Common Dreams reported, the Trump administration announced sanctions against Petroleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PdVSA), the state-run oil company that serves as “a primary source of income and foreign currency for the country.” Earlier this month, U.S. Vice President Mike Pence unveiled more sanctions targeting the Maduro government as well as companies that transport Venezuelan oil to Cuba.

Overall, Trump’s sanctions have “exacerbated Venezuela’s economic crisis and made it nearly impossible to stabilize the economy, contributing further to excess deaths,” write Weisbrot and Sachs. “All of these impacts disproportionately harmed the poorest and most vulnerable Venezuelans.

These sanctions would fit the definition of collective punishment of the civilian population as described in both the Geneva and Hague international conventions, to which the U.S. is a signatory,” the economists say. “They are also illegal under international law and treaties which the U.S. has signed, and would appear to violate U.S. law as well.

Given the toll Trump’s economic policies are taking on Venezuela’s civilian population, Weisbrot, in a statement Thursday, called on federal lawmakers to take action.

The sanctions are depriving Venezuelans of lifesaving medicines, medical equipment, food, and other essential imports,” he said. “This is illegal under U.S. and international law, and treaties that the U.S. has signed. Congress should move to stop it.”

As Sachs put it, “Venezuela’s economic crisis is routinely blamed all on Venezuela… But it is much more than that.

American sanctions are deliberately aiming to wreck Venezuela’s economy and thereby lead to regime change,” he said. “It’s a fruitless, heartless, illegal, and failed policy, causing grave harm to the Venezuelan people.”

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